A highly centralised, experimental public school system was installed in 1901 by the Philippine Commission and legislated by Act No. 74. The law exposed a severe shortage of qualified teachers, brought about by large enrollment numbers in schools. As a result, the Philippine Commission authorized the Secretary of Public Instruction to bring more than 1,000 teachers from the United States, who were called the Thomasites , to the Philippines between 1901 and 1902. These teachers were scattered throughout the islands to establish barangay schools.  The same law established the Philippine Normal School (now the Philippine Normal University ) to train aspiring Filipino teachers.
5. I agree with Jay on something happening when the trade became a profession. It seems to me that when it was a trade, more people practices it with integrity. And, though many lists of the principles of the profession and the ethics of the profession have been developed in the last 30 years, it seems to me that the corporate journalist media have developed them more to create the appearance of integrity and to explain why “In this case, that principle doesn’t apply” [similar to the way journalists have contributed to the erosion of the constitution and civil rights by NOT, as a group, raising any kind of fuss about it] than to actually live up to them. I put little of the blame on journalists as individuals. It is difficult to not live up to the unstated conditions of your employment, as Chris Boese shows us above.