Francis hutchinson an historical essay concerning witchcraft

Walsingham's cousin Edward Denny fought in Ireland during the rebellion of the Earl of Desmond and was one of the English settlers granted land in Munster confiscated from Desmond. [68] Walsingham's stepson Christopher Carleill commanded the garrisons at Coleraine and Carrickfergus . [69] Walsingham thought Irish farmland was underdeveloped and hoped that plantation would improve the productivity of estates. [70] Tensions between the native Irish and the English settlers had lasting effects on the history of Ireland . [71]

The domestic setting for Hutchinson’s leadership is key to understanding the role of premodern women in religious life. It was among her female neighbors in need of her medical skills that she first communicated her controversial religious ideas. Her devotional meetings were also common practice among the early Puritans. Like many religious movements, early Puritanism was a household religion. With its institutionalization, women lost the authority they had exercised in the formative domestic phase. Such was the case in Massachusetts where John Winthrop and company were intent on building a godly society protected by the coordinate powers of church and state. The enterprise demanded a new emphasis on outward morality, or sanctification, that would bolster the authority of both ministers and magistrates. But Hutchinson’s prophetic stress on the indwelling Holy Spirit, although an authentic strain of Puritan belief, empowered the laity at the expense of the ministry. Moreover, her claim to immediate revelation was especially threatening to the advocates of law and order. A generation later a similar contest would be waged against the Quakers, some of whom had been among Hutchinson’s supporters.

Anne Hutchinson was excommunicated from the Church of Boston on March 22, 1638, and banished. With her husband, she joined a colony  in what is now Portsmouth, Rhode Island, joining Roger Williams. William Hutchinson died in 1642, and Anne moved to Long Island Sound, which was held under Dutch jurisdiction, to flee the continued persecution from the Massachusetts colony. The local Native American tribespeople, the Siwanoy, were angered by the new settlers, and in 1643 Hutchinson and most of her children and servants were killed . The reaction in Massachusetts was predictably harsh, and many considered Anne’s demise divine judgement.

Francis hutchinson an historical essay concerning witchcraft

francis hutchinson an historical essay concerning witchcraft

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