administrative machinery under the overall guidance and direction of the political executive.
The above tasks and challenges for the higher Civil Services were taken due note of by the Kothari Committee (1974-76) which had mentioned that to successfully meet the challenges facing the nation, the members of the Service must have not only " relevant knowledge and skills " but also " socio-emotional and moral qualities for working for and with the community". We endorse the above views and fePl that whereas intellectual attributes, relevant knowledge and capacity to innovate in a period of rapid transition are necessary for the higher Civil Services, the members of such Services must have social traits to identify themselves with the people tc make administration a participative adventure 1. To be ruccessfu1,the officers must also have capacity for hard work , honesty,
Christianity was a new force in Europe and many of the faithful saw Hellenistic culture as pagan. As such, many classical Greek works, written on scrolls, were left to decay as only Christian texts were thought fit for preservation in a codex, the progenitor of the modern book.  In the East, however, this was not the case as many of these classical Greek and Roman texts were copied.  “…formerly paper was rare and expensive, so every spare page of available books was pressed into use. Thus a seventeenth-century edition of the Ignatian epistles, in Mar Saba, had copied onto its last pages, probably in the early eighteenth century, a passage allegedly from the letters of Clement of Alexandria”.  Old manuscripts were also used to bind new books because of the costs associated with paper and also because of the scarcity of new paper.