This article discusses Dr. Glenn Flores's study in which he analyzed statistics from the National Survey of Children's Health to examine disparities between health care for English-speaking and non-English primary language (NEPL) children. The survey used nationwide random sampling to interview 102,353 children (and their caregivers) in both English and Spanish between 2003 and 2004. The study found that children in households where English was not the primary language were more likely to be poor, overweight, have only fair or poor dental health, be uninsured, have made no medical visits during the previous year, and to be dissatisfied with physicians and health care providers. While this article was mainly written to address disparities in health care due to language barriers, it also discusses some strategies to eliminate barriers to care.
Known in France around 1860, Ukiyo-e prints had an immediate influence on the vision and the craft of painters. First, Theodore Rousseau and Millet and then Whistler, Manet, and mainly Degas were profoundly affected. Asymmetrical compositions, scenes and landscapes represented from above or below, figures shown in close-up, pale palette, flat areas of color, the replacement of Albertian perspective with the system of opposed diagonals: all these innovations were taken up by the Impressionists, particularly Monet, who learned moreover not to reduce the scene he was painting to the limits of the canvas, and absorbed a pantheistic feeling for nature contrary to traditional Western humanism. Japanese graphic art had a continuing influence on French painting from the Post-Impressionists to the Nabis and the Fauves, as well as on the work of Ensor, Munch, Klimt and others. After the Renaissance rediscovery of ancient art, nothing had so influenced European painting as Japanese prints. (From Les Fauves; a sourcebook. Westport, Greenwood Press, 1994)